Word Count: 500
Title Tag: Pipeline: How Safe Is Gas Pipeline
Meta Description: How crucial is the pipeline system and how safe is a gas pipeline? Read all about it.
The most powerful and effective one is “Pipelines”. Pipelines are the least recognized and least appreciated mode of transportation. Pipelines are inadequately recognized by the common public because they are usually underground and hidden. Despite the low degree of recognition by the people, pipelines are vitally essential to the economic wellbeing and safety of most countries.
All advanced nations rely almost solely on pipelines to move various commodities. Water from treatment manufactories to our homes and different buildings, Sewage from houses to treatment plants, Natural gas all the way from wells to the customers who may be inhabited more than a thousand miles far away be it a home, a company, an institution, or a power plant, Raw oil from oil fields to factories & Refined petroleum goods (gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, heating oil, etc.) from refineries to different cities over hundreds of miles. Get the best Metric Adapters here.
Natural Gas found onshore is first collected from the wellhead and conveyed at relatively low pressure to treatment plants in small diameter pipelines referred to as Gathering lines. After water, non-energy-containing components such as Nitrogen and carbon dioxide and any injurious hydrogen sulfide are removed the gas is transported to market centers in high pressure, large diameter pipes.
At the city gate, the gas is then distributed to end-users in small diameter pipes known as distribution lines. Natural gas (methane ) has no smell and is highly combustible so a great deal of care is needed to ensure its safe transportation. Pipeline companies are compelled by law to do this by implementing adequate and effective Integrity management programs. Natural gas only becomes unsafe if it is released from a pipeline in an uncontrolled manner, that is a leak or more seriously a rupture.
Gas pipelines are made of thoroughly tested pipe & a lot much care is taken in construction - welding, coating, lowering, hydro testing of a pipeline.
Pipelines are buried below the ground -measured from the top surface of the pipe to the surface ground.
Pipelines are monitored for corrosion and also for dynamic leakages, further they are rechecked frequently - which gives a report on every 1mm2 surface of the entire pipeline - irrespective of how long or short it is.
The pipe manufacturing technology is sophisticated & due to elaborate testing, the pipe material lasts for 30 years or more before they are replaced.
All pipelines when buried underground has warning markers, according to the depth and layers above the pipe surface. Unless one is blind to those 3 nos. warning markers & deliberately ignore them - still going with digging then it is an act of willful sabotage.
Along the route of the pipeline there are warning markers every that pipeline is laid below & no digging to be done with excavators & with emergency phone numbers., to contact & to know about Do’s & Dont’s.